» Related Links
|Creating Bibliographies using APA Style, 6th Edition
As with making any bibliography, arrange the entries alphabetically by the author's last name. Remember to double-space and indent after the first line.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Use capital letter also for first word of subtitle.
Location should always include city, but include the state if city is well-known or could be confused with one of the same name in another state.
Evans, P. M. (2001). Controlling people: How to recognize, understand, and deal with people who try to
control you. Avon, MA: Adams Media.
Two to six authors
White, R.W., & Watt, N. F. (1973). The abnormal personality (4th ed.). New York: Ronald Press.
Two or more books by the same author
Jacobs, J. B. (1977). Stateville: The penitentiary in mass society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Jacobs, J. B. (1989). Drunk driving: An American dilemma. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (1988). Report to the nation on crime and justice.
Fox, R. W., & Lears, T. J. J. (Eds.). (1993). The power of culture: Critical essays in American history.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chapter in an edited book
Wirth, W., & Kolb, S. (2004). Designs and methods of comparative political communication research.
In F. Esser & B. Pfetsch (Eds.), Comparing political communication: theories, cases, and challenges
(pp. 87-111). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Entry in an encyclopedia
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508).
Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (1994). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), page number-page number.
Christia, F., & Semple, M. (2009). Flipping the Taliban: How to win in Afghanistan. Foreign Affairs, 88(4), 34-45.
If the journal has continuous pagination (only issue 1 begins on page 1; further issues continue numbering sequence), issue number does not need to be included.
Armour, M. P. (2002). Alternative routes to professional status: Social work and the new careers program
under the office of economic opportunity. Social Service Review, 76, 229-255.
Journal article - Two to six authors
Carey, M., Walther, S., & Russell, S. (2009). The absent but implicit: A map to support therapeutic enquiry. Family
Journal article - More than six authors
List the first six authors, and then "et al."
Murray, G., Judd, F., Jackson, H., Fraser, C., Komiti, A., Pattison, P., et al. (2009). Personality for free: Psychometric properties of a public domain
Australian measure of the five-factor model. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61(3), 167-174.
Electronic versions of journal articles
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (1994). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), page number-page number. Date and location retrieved.
Article from a periodical published online
Crystal, J. (2001). Criminal justice in the Middle East. Journal of Criminal Justice, 29(6), 469-483. Retrieved June 4, 2009.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. Date retrieved, name of website, and permanent url of web document
Meyer, P. (1995). Public Journalism and the Problem of Objectivity. Retrieved June 4, 2009, from University ofNorth Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Journalism and Mass Communication Web site: http://www.unc.edu/~pmeyer/ire95pj.htm
Stand-alone document, no author identified, no date
A science odyssey: People and discoveries: Sigmund Freud. (n.d.). Retrieved July 13, 2009, fromhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhfreu.html
For further help
Go to APA Style's homepage, or ask at the Circulation Desk for: