Biology Courses

BIO 1530 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY I: INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR BIOLOGY (4 s.h.)

For students planning further study in biology or a related field: includes cell structure and function, mitosis and meiosis, principles of genetics, and classification of living organisms. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Students must pass with a C- or higher grade in order to progress to other Biology courses.

Prerequisites: high school biology and chemistry or SCI 1420 and 1430
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 1560 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY II: DIVERSITY OF LIFE (4 s.h.)

This course is intended primarily as an introductory course for potential biology majors. An introduction to the major kingdoms of living organisms are presented with their similarities and differences noted. Emphasis will also be placed on evolutionary and ecological principles related to and impacting the diversity of life. Both BIO 1530 and 1560 are required for all Biology majors under the 2013-14 catalog or later. Catalogs prior to 2013-14 require BIO 1530 only.

Prerequisites: none
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 2110 SURVEY OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I (4 s.h.)

A survey course designed to familiarize students with the structure and function of the human body. This class will focus on the body wall and the central nervous system. Endocrine regulation will also be included. Concepts will be taught primarily on the systemic level. The effects of aging on physiological function, and discussion of diseases and disorders will be included as time permits. Credit for this class will not be applied toward the requirements for a major or a minor in biology.Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Students planning to apply to graduate programs in the health sciences, including the Methodist University PA program, should select Biology 3060 and 3080.

Prerequisite: Biology 1530 with a minimum grade of C- or higher
Offered: fall semester


BIO 2120 SURVEY OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II (4 s.h.)

This class is offered as a companion course to Biology 2060. Part 2 will cover sensory anatomy and physiology, the circulatory system, renal anatomy and physiology, digestion and nutrition, reproduction and the basic aspects of human embryonic development. The effects of aging on physiological function, and discussion of diseases and disorders will be included as time permits. Credit for this class will not be applied toward the requirements for a major or a minor in biology. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Students planning to apply to graduate programs in the health sciences, including the Methodist University PA program, should select Biology 3060 and 3080.

Prerequisites: Biology 1530 and Biology 2110 with a minimum grades of C- or higher
Offered: spring


BIO 2430 INTRODUCTORY ZOOLOGY (4 s.h.)

Classification, anatomy, development, and life history of the animals with emphasis on evolutionary relationships among the various invertebrate and vertebrate groups. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisite: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 2440 INTRODUCTORY BOTANY (4 s.h.)

Introductory Botany is designed as a second level course to provide an understanding of basic plant anatomy, physiology and diversity. A general knowledge of plant anatomy and physiology will be investigated to illustrate how plants develop modifications which allow them to survive in different habitats.

Prerequisite: Biology 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or better
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 2900 BIOLOGICAL STATISTICS (3 s.h.)

This course is designed to teach how to apply appropriate statistical tests to biological data. We focus on how to choose the appropriate test for a given data set, how to design experiments to make them more suitable for statistical analysis, and how to interpret and present the results of statistical tests. Three hours of lecture each week.

Prerequisite: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, MAT 1050 or higher and MAT 2200
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 2970 GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY (4 s.h.)

Immunology, virology, morphology and physiology of bacteria, etiology, and applied microbiology. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher and CHE 1510 or permission of the instructor
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 2990 EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY AND POPULATION GENETICS (3 s.h.)

The Modern Synthesis, the union of classical Darwinian selection and population genetics, with emphasis on the roles of selection, mutation, and genetic drift as agents of both micro and macro-evolutionary change. Three hours of lecture each week.

Prerequisite: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher
Offered: fall


BIO 3020 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY (4 s.h.)

Invertebrate animals with particular attention to physiological processes, ecological roles, and parasites of humans and domestic animals. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisite: BIO 1560 with a grade of C -or higher
Offered: fall (even years)


BIO 3060 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I (4 s.h.)

Part one of a two-course sequence. Topics covered include an introduction to histology, the skin and its derivatives, the skeleton, muscles, and the nervous, sensory and endocrine systems. Although this course is taught with an organ system emphasis, mechanisms on the cellular and molecular level are also covered.

Prerequisite: BIO 1560 with a grade of C- or higher or permission of instructor
Offered: fall


BIO 3080 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II (4 s.h.)

A continuation of the study of human structure and function. Topics include circulation, digestion, nutrition, respiration, excretion, immune response, reproduction and development.

Prerequisite: BIO 3060 or permission of instructor
Offered: spring


BIO 3100 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (3 s.h.)

The field of plant physiology is the study of how plants survive. This course addresses the physiological process as they relate to most plants. Topics will include, but are not limited to: plant-water relations, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, respiration, carbon metabolism/transport and plant growth/development.

Prerequisites: CHE 1510 and 1520, or permission of instructor
Offered: fall


BIO 3110 PLANT TAXONOMY (4 s.h.)

Plant taxonomy is intended for students to acquire knowledge of the evolutionary and morphological trends in the photosynthetic prokaryotes and protists, as well as non-vascular and vascular plants. Over the course of the semester students will be exposed to increasingly complex organisms. Classification and identification of plants will be emphasized in both lecture and weekly laboratories.

Prerequisites: none
Offered: spring


BIO 3120 GENERAL ECOLOGY (4 s.h.)

This class addresses the relationships among organisms and their environments. Topics will include organismal, population and community ecology. Mathematical models for biological systems will be included.

Prerequisite: BIO 2430 or 2440. Completion of MAT 1130 or higher recommended
Offered: spring


BIO 3210 INSECT BIOLOGY (4 s.h.)

Entomology: The roles of insects in the balance of life, public health issues, taxonomy, morphology, and physiology. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisite: BIO 1560 with a grade of C- or higher or permission of the instructor
Offered: fall (odd years)


BIO 3310 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY (3 s.h.)

This course will use biological concepts as a framework to consider the management of natural resources both historically and presently. The use of land for farming as well as the use of air, water, fisheries and forestry will be studied. An introduction to the laws that govern the use of these resources will also be included.

Prerequisites: BIO 2430 or 2440. Completion of BIO 3120 is recommended.
Offered: as needed


BIO 3480 BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY (3 s.h.)

This course is designed to present some of the more important physiochemical properties and processes of living organisms. It will emphasize the functions of macromolecules in living organisms, and examine the interrelationships between molecular structure and physiological function. The physiological chemistry of energy metabolism will also be an important part of this class.

Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher, one 3000 level biology course, and CHE 1510, 1520, and 3210.
Offered: spring


BIO 3960 MOLECULAR GENETICS (3 s.h.)

Study of the molecular basis of biology including biological informational molecules (proteins, DNA and RNA), DNA synthesis, RNA transcription, protein synthesis, and gene regulation. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems are both studied. In addition, applications of methods used in molecular biology including recombinant DNA technology and forensics will be covered.

Prerequisites: BIO 1530; CHE 3210. Completion of BIO 2970 is recommended
Offered: spring


BIO 3980 VERTEBRATE COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND EVOLUTION (4 s.h.)

The comparative anatomy and evolution of vertebrate organisms: fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Prerequisites: One 3000/4000-level biology class or permission of instructor
Offered: fall (odd years)


BIO 3990 COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (3 s.h.)

An examination of the various methods and mechanisms animals, both invertebrate and vertebrate, have adopted to maintain physiological conditions necessary for life. Although phylogenetic changes will be discussed, the major emphasis will be on the adaptation interaction between animals and their environments.

Prerequisites: One 3000 level Biology course or permission of instructor, CHE 1510, 1520
Offered: as needed


BIO 4000 MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY (4 s.h.)

This course is particularly desirable for students planning to enter any health related field, work as a laboratory technician or enter a graduate program in microbiology. This course deals primarily with the study of pathogenic bacteria and fungi, viruses and viral infections, and the immunological response to infection. Emphasis will be placed on the effects of microorganisms on human beings.

Prerequisites: BIO 2970
Offered: fall


BIO 4010 EMBRYOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTAL GENETICS (4 s.h.)

Representative patterns in the development of animals from zygote to functioning adults, with emphasis on the early stages. Cellular and genetic mechanisms are included. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisites: 8 s.h. of upper-division biology; Previous completion of 3060, 3080, 3960, 3980 or 4400 is highly recommended.
Offered: spring


BIO 4400 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY (4 s.h.)

Cellular structures and processes as they provide the basic mechanisms of life. Consideration of biologically important macromolecules. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week.

Prerequisites: 8 s.h. of upper-division biology (3000-level or higher), and CHE 3210 or permission of the instructor. BIO 3480 or CHE 4500 is recommended.
Offered: spring


BIO 4850 SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGY (1-4 s.h.)

Courses not part of the regular departmental offerings. Taught as faculty availability and student interest dictate.


BIO 4880 LIBRARY RESEARCH PROJECT I (1 s.h.)

Seniors will select a research topic, begin to compile a bibliography, and will write a detailed outline for the paper to be written in BIO 4890. Either BIO 4880 and 4890 or 4900 and 4910 is required for graduation.

Offered: fall and spring


BIO 4890 LIBRARY RESEARCH PROJECT II (1 s.h.)

Seniors will complete the paper begun in BIO 488, and will give an oral presentation based upon it to Biology students and faculty members.

Prerequisite: BIO 4880. This course is offered fall and spring semesters
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 4900 LABORATORY RESEARCH PROJECT I (1 s.h.)

Seniors will select a research topic, state an experimental hypothesis, design experiments to test this hypothesis and prepare a project budget. Either BIO 4880 and 4890 or 4900 and 4910 is required for graduation.

Offered: fall and spring


BIO 4910 LABORATORY RESEARCH PROJECT II (1 s.h.)

Seniors will make suggested alterations in the project designed in BIO 4880, and will then carry out their experimental work, with appropriate controls and replications, write a paper incorporating literature background, experimental protocol, results and conclusions and will present their findings orally to Biology students and faculty members.

Prerequisite: BIO 4900
Offered: fall and spring


BIO 4990 INDEPENDENT STUDY IN BIOLOGY (1-4 s.h.)

An opportunity for a well-qualified, upper-division student to engage in special research in his/her major.

Prerequisite: approval by the faculty advisor, the supervising professor, the department chair, and the school dean before approval by Provost. Credit to be determined.