Dear Reader,

Monarch Review Vol. 6 coverThis sixth volume of the Monarch Review, like those that came before it, showcases the excellent creative and academic achievements of Methodist University’s undergraduate students. This issue consists of eight research papers and fourteen works of art, including, for the first time in the Monarch Review, two sculptures. In addition, the journal has the privilege of presenting the creative harvest of student poets and painters who collaborated in MU’s first-ever “Reciprocal Ekphrasis: Images and Poems, Poems and Images,” an exhibit presently on view in the Union-Zukowski Lobby and now memorialized in these pages. Sadly, however, I have to announce that, with the publication of this volume, the journal is being suspended indefinitely.

With little commonality in theme, volume 6 travels through time and a broad spectrum of ideas and creative forms. Will you visit two American heroes who, in the years leading up to the Civil War, escaped from slavery and publicized its moral and physical horrors? As Maria Choi shows us, Frederick Douglass recognized that the violence of the slaveholder must, too often, be answered by violence. Kseniia Petrova outlines the typical features of the American “slave narrative” as she examines the story of Harriet Jacobs, who could protect her children only by offering her sexual favor to a white man and who later hid, for seven long years, in an attic garret only three feet high. Will you travel to the colonial era with Cristina Gillard, to learn what Perquimans County court records reveal about how colonial North Carolinians lived? You could take a journey to Renaissance Europe with Alexis Cohan’s essay on how recorder musicians and instructors strove to make the instrument sound like the human voice. You can then return to the modern era with Jenna Landis, who examines a 21st century scandal about cyber (in)security, as a supposedly independent privacy auditor failed to uncover Facebook’s shockingly lax privacy protections. Ieshia M. West offers wise counsel on ways to encourage volunteerism among youth and young adults; Daniella Amsterdamer inquires into the characteristics of nations that support the civil liberties and human rights of their citizens; and Mohnnad Alshalalda looks for the demographic factors that may slow or speed population growth.

Interspersed among the essays, you can also rest your eyes on visual art by our undergraduates: four portraits, four still lifes, two abstracts, two scenic photographs, and two sculptures. These wonderful creations are the work of Jason Aguilar, Karen Britton, Cameron Dubin, Heather Miller, Mary Sue Parker, and Sierra Romero. Also, greatly extending the journal’s exploration of student creativity, we include eight pairings of painting and poem from the “Reciprocal Ekphrasis” collaboration. The artists include DeeOnna Denton, Kylen Dooley, Tom Gore, Kristen Oliva and Jordan Saunders, as well as two whose work was already selected for the journal—Karen Britton and Mary Sue Parker. The poets are Charles Canady, DeeOnna Denton, Akejah McLaughlin, Chris Miller, and Pamela Rondo.

Each year, many students submit their work, faculty members sponsor their work, student and faculty reviewers thoughtfully provide their insights, and the members of the Monarch Review staff spend hours processing this feedback. Journal staff members assess the papers themselves and recommend revisions to enable the student authors to meet our publishing standards. The art work goes through a less involved but similar process. And both artists and authors are given substantial feedback on the work they’ve accomplished.

I offer my sincere gratitude to all those who aided in the submission and review process and to my team who spent many hours, on a volunteer basis, to create such a magnificent journal. Most of all, I would like to thank Baylor Hicks, managing editor, for working patiently and fervently with me and many others to create this sixth volume of the Monarch Review.

The Monarch Review is close to my heart: It is an enterprise that has not only enabled students to share their amazing efforts in an impressive publication, but also given many of us an unequaled opportunity to hone our critical faculties and communication skills, and to join together in a complex task.

I hope you enjoy this volume and the many treasures it has to offer.

Best regards,

Kaitlin Coltharp
Lead Student Editor

Peer-Reviewed Research

Necessary Violence in Frederick Douglass’s Narrative (American literature)
Maria Choi

Features of the Slave Narrative Genre in Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (American literature)
Kseniia Petrova

Analysis of North Carolina Colonial Records: Perquimans Precinct Court (history)
Cristina Gillard

The Renaissance Recorder: Resembling the Human Voice (history and music)
Alexis Cohan

The Audit Approval of Facebook’s Privacy Practices: Millions of Users’ Privacy Unprotected (accounting)
Jenna Landis

Understanding Volunteer Motivations: Recruiting and Retaining Youth and Young Adults (social work)
Ieshia M. West

Why Are Some Nations More Supportive of the Rights of Their Citizens? (political science)
Daniella Amsterdamer

Causes of Population Growth: A Quantitative Study (political Science)
Mohnnad Alshalalda

Juried Artwork

Artists’ Statements—Sierra Romero and Karen Britton

Artists’ Statements—Mary Sue Parker and Heather Miller

Artists’ Statements—Jason Aguilar and Cameron Dubin

Portrait of Mederius The Bull of Courage
Portrait of Mederius
Sierra Romero
The Bull of Courage
Sierra Romero

Desolation Shadows
Sierra Romero
Sierra Romero

Night at the Marque Senses
Night at the Marque
Karen Britton
Karen Britton

Untitled II Untitled Cubism Ip
Untitled II
Mary Sue Parker
Untitled Cubism I
Mary Sue Parker

Warrior Blues Image Bearer
Warrior Blues
Heather Miller
Image Bearer
Heather Miller

Limitless Crepuscular Rays at Mount Mitchell
Jason Aguilar
Crepuscular Rays at Mount Mitchell
Jason Aguilar
Clouds During Hurricane Florence Ambitions
Clouds During Hurricane Florence
Jason Aguilar
Cameron Dubin

Reciprocal Ekphrasis: Images and Poems, Poems and Images

About the Reciprocal Ekphrasis Exhibit

The art and the poem are both contained in each link:

Moon and Sun That Blue
Moon and Sun
DeeOnna Denton
That Blue
Kylen Dooley
Champagne Lips
Akejah McLaughlin
That Blue
Charles Canady

Colors Beach Evening Primrose Cabaret
Mary Sue Parker
Beach Evening Primrose Cabaret
Jordan Saunders
Carried by Color
Charles Canady
Beach Evening Primrose Cabaret: Sang the Flower to the Bee
Chris Miller

Paper Void While Drinking Coffee
Paper Void
Kristen Oliva
While Drinking Coffee
Tom Gore
Paper Heart
Pamela Rondo
While Drinking Coffee
Pamela Rondo

My Other Half Decalcomania
My Other Half
Mary Sue Parker
Karen Britton
The Cold
DeeOnna Denton
DeeOnna Denton

Front and Back Matter & Full Journal

Editorial Board and Staff


About the Student Contributors

Full Journal Download